Continuing our series of election reports in conjunction with Electoral Studies,the following is a post-election report on the February 17,2013,Ecuadorian legislative and presidential elections. The report is written by Jason Eichorst, a PhD candidate at Rice University writing a dissertation that uses automated content analysis of legislative debates to uncover patterns of representation of historically underrepresented groups in Bolivia,Ecuador,and Peru,and John Polga-Hecimovich, a PhD candidate in Comparative Politics at the University of Pittsburgh who is writing his dissertation on the delegation of policy implementation authority in Latin America.
On Friday,8 March,the Ecuadorian National Electoral Council (Consejo Nacional Electoral,CNE) released the final voting results for the legislative and presidential elections held on 17 February. These results verify the dominance of the government party,Alianza Patria Altiva I Soberana (Alianza PAIS),and hint at a realignment of the party system. Riding the coattails of the popular incumbent president Rafael Correa,Alianza PAIS has transcended the historical tendency towards regionalization of the country’s parties through a strong performance across the country’s 34 electoral districts.
This election marks an important milestone for democracy in Ecuador. President Correa is completing the first full term for an Ecuadorian president since Sixto Durán Ballén (1992-1996),and his time in office surpasses that of Isidro Ayora (1926-1931),making him the longest-serving president in the country’s history. His current mandate terminates on 10 August 2013. As expected,Correa easily won re-election in the first-round with 57% of the valid vote,and Alianza PAIS won a 92-seat majority in the 137-member unicameral legislative assembly (seat distribution is still being decided by the National Electoral Council,pending a ruling on potential voter fraud in the province of Guayas).
This is Correa’s third presidential election,winning in both 2006 and 2009. His first term was cut short in 2009 for early elections after the adoption of the 2008 Constitution. The 2008 Constitution,drafted by members of Alianza PAIS,allows for immediate one-time re-election. Correa’s 2009 election was the first since the return to democracy in 1979 that a candidate won the presidency without competing in a second-round,exceeding the 50 per cent threshold in the first-round.
The president’s overwhelming support in the election can be credited to a number of factors,including: increased government reserves due to strong oil prices and increased tax revenues; increased social spending and subsequent reduction of poverty and unemployment; increased access to healthcare; and improved infrastructure. However,this should not suggest that the administration has proceeded without conflict. A violent confrontation between Correa and the national police erupted on 30 September 2010 in response to expected benefit cuts. Correa has also faced significant criticism for undercutting democratic institutions (including an unconstitutional reform of the judiciary) and directly challenging freedom of press.
The president is elected using a majority-runoff system. A candidate can by-pass the second round if she wins the first-round with more than 50 per cent of the vote,or between 40 and 50 per cent of the vote with a 10 percentage point margin of victory. The second-round is between the top two candidates,which would have been held on 7 April 2013.
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South America in spring, looking for travel bud!2007-01-08 16:03:07 by summerraen
I've just decided, after some deliberation, to suddenly cancel my trip to Africa and totally go a different route- I've always wanted to see South America, so I've decided to do this instead. But I don't want to go it alone, so I'm looking for a fabulous travel buddy :)
Where: I thought I'd land in San Jose, Costa Rica, in May, then basically wing it from there. The "plan" wa...and after, if you'd like)!
If you're going to be on the continent at any point between May and August/September, tell me and maybe we could travel around a little bit together, or just meet up and hang out. You don't have to be there for the whole trip if you don't want! I was kind of planning to probably meet a few different people along the way in hostels and such who might join us, too
Responding to "Bomb Iran..." pt 32012-04-09 15:44:26 by alaneyes
Nations like Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Japan, Germany, S. Korea, etc. have strong enough economies to pay for at least part of their own defense including some of the cost of maintaining bases in other nations such as those encircling Iran on the map Dros posted earlier today () and part of the cost of maintaining our naval operations that they benefit from. Why are American taxpayers bearing the to...oad. We already seen what Dow Chemical is willing to do in India and Chevron is capable of in Ecuador. These experiences haven't caused us to closely scrutinize that recent activities of Haliburton in Russia or Iraq. Perhaps having our actual troops being hired out would cause us to watch our activities abroad more carefully. Certainly a national discussion on these matters would be interesting.
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